HUKUM BISNIS

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Deskripsi

Suatu perusahaan atau entitas bisnis harus berupaya untuk bagaimana memulai, memajukan serta menjaga keberlangsungan usahanya. Bisnis yang didirikan tidak selalu diharapkan berjalan dengan baik. Kadangkala bisnis mengalami berbagai permasalahan, baik dari lingkungan internal maupun eksternal perusahaan. Di samping itu juga, suatu bisnis tidak terlepas dari berbagai permasalahan hukum yang dihadapinya. Hal ini akan memengaruhi siklus hidup dari suatu bisnis.

Kegagalan dalam menjalankan dan mempertahankan suatu bisnis, di antaranya adalah kegagalan di dalam mengelola dan menyelesaikan berbagai permasalahan dalam lingkungan bisnisnya. Semua pihak yang berkepentingan dalam suatu bisnis, memiliki tujuan dan kepentingannya masing-masing. Hal ini akan menciptakan pemikiran-pemikiran dan perilaku-perilaku dari masing-masing pihak tersebut, serta penyebab timbulnya permasalahan dalam internal bisnis, yang akhirnya akan memengaruhi aktivitas bisnis.

Hukum bisnis terbaru ini merupakan salah satu bagian dari cabang ilmu hukum sebagai pedoman bagi suatu bisnis untuk mengenal, menghadapi, dan menyelesaikan berbagai permasalahan hukum yang dihadapi oleh suatu perusahaan. Memahami teori dalam hukum bisnis, akan membantu suatu perusahaan untuk beradaptasi secara efektif terhadap lingkungan sekitarnya. Hukum bisnis akan mengarahkan suatu bisnis sesuai dengan konsep bisnis yang etis dan sesuai ketentuan yang berlaku guna mendukung aktivitas bisnis. Buku Hukum Bisnis ini bertujuan untuk memberikan pemahaman yang baik tentang ruang lingkup materi hukum bisnis yang mendukung semua kegiatan bisnis secara keseluruhan.

Informasi Tambahan

Berat Buku (gram)

420

Cetakan

1

Halaman

395

ISBN

978-602-422-748-7

Jenis Cover

art cover

Jilid

yes

Kertas Isi

Bookpaper

Pengarang

Toman Sony Tambunan dan Wilson R.G. Tambunan

Tahun Terbit

Januari 2019

Ukuran

15 x 23

Daftar Isi

KATA PENGANTAR vii
DAFTAR ISI ix
BAB 1 PENDAHULUAN 1
BAB 2 MEMAHAMI HUKUM 5
A. Pengertian Hukum..............................................................................................................5
B. Subjek dan Objek Hukum................................................................................................6
C. Sumber-sumber Hukum..................................................................................................6
D. Unsur-unsur Hukum........................................................................................................... 7
E. Ciri-ciri Hukum....................................................................................................................... 7
F. Sistem Hukum........................................................................................................................8
BAB 3 MEMAHAMI BISNIS 9
A. Pengertian Bisnis..................................................................................................................9
B. Tujuan Bisnis..........................................................................................................................9
C. Fungsi Organisasi Bisnis.................................................................................................10
D. Pelaku dalam Bisnis...........................................................................................................11
E. Etika Bisnis.............................................................................................................................11
f. Pelaku Kegiatan Ekonomi.............................................................................................. 12
G. Struktur Pasar Persaingan............................................................................................. 13
BAB 4 PENDEKATAN ISTILAH HUKUM BISNIS 17
A. Pendahuluan.........................................................................................................................17
B. Hukum Dagang (Trade Law)..........................................................................................17
C. Hukum Perniagaan (Commercial Law)..................................................................19
D. Hukum Ekonomi (Economic Law).............................................................................19
E. Hukum Bisnis (Business Law)....................................................................................20
BAB 5 BENTUK ORGANISASI BISNIS 23
A. Perseroan Terbatas............................................................................................................23
B. Firma.........................................................................................................................................25
C. Perseroan Komanditer (Commanditaire Vennootsschap/CV).................27
D. Perusahaan Patungan (Joint Venture).................................................................. 28
E. Koperasi................................................................................................................................. 28
F. Badan Usaha Milik Negara.............................................................................................34
g. Yayasan................................................................................................................................... 36
H. Pendaftaran Perusahaan................................................................................................37
I. Surat Izin Usaha Perdagangan (SIUP).....................................................................42
BAB 6 HUBUNGAN-HUBUNGAN BISNIS 45
A. Pendahuluan........................................................................................................................45
B. Agen..........................................................................................................................................45
C. Waralaba................................................................................................................................ 46
D. Bangun Guna Serah (Build, Operate, Transfer/BOT)....................................... 51
E. Penggabungan Perseroan (Joint Venture)...........................................................52
BAB 7 KONTRAK BISNIS 55
A. Pengertian.............................................................................................................................55
B. Asas-asas Kontrak..............................................................................................................55
C. Syarat Sah Suatu Kontrak............................................................................................. 56
D. Hapusnya Suatu Kontrak...............................................................................................57
E. Prestasi dan Wanprestasi dalam Suatu Kontrak............................................. 62
F. Force Majeure dalam Suatu Kontrak..................................................................... 63
G. Penyelesaian Sengketa Kontrak................................................................................ 63
H. Garis Besar dari Suatu Kontrak.................................................................................. 64
BAB 8 TRANSAKSI DALAM BISNIS 67
A. Jual Beli.................................................................................................................................. 67
B. Tukar-Menukar...................................................................................................................69
C. Sewa-Menyewa...................................................................................................................69
BAB 9 SURAT BERHARGA 71
A. Pendahuluan........................................................................................................................ 71
B. Surat Wesel........................................................................................................................... 71
C. Surat Sanggup (Order).....................................................................................................74
D. Cek..............................................................................................................................................74
E. Bilyet Giro...............................................................................................................................77
F. Surat Berharga Komersial............................................................................................. 79
BAB 10 LEMBAGA PEMBIAYAAN DANAN PENJAMINAN 83
A. Landasan Hukum............................................................................................................... 83
B. Ruang Lingkup Lembaga Pembiayaan.................................................................. 83
C. Pedoman Pendirian Perusahaan Pembiayaan...................................................87
D. Sewa Guna Usaha (Leasing).........................................................................................89
E. Modal Ventura (Venture Capital).............................................................................. 92
F. Anjak Piutang (Factoring)............................................................................................ 94
G. Usaha Kartu Kredit (Credit Card).............................................................................. 94
H. Pembiayaan Konsumen (Concumer Finance)....................................................97
I. Penjaminan...........................................................................................................................97
BAB 11 PERKREDITAN 103
A. Landasan Hukum.............................................................................................................103
B. Pengertian Kredit............................................................................................................103
C. Unsur-Unsur Kredit........................................................................................................104
D. Tujuan Kredit......................................................................................................................104
E. Fungsi Kredit......................................................................................................................105
F. Manfaat Perkreditan.....................................................................................................106
G. Prinsip-prinsip Perkreditan.......................................................................................108
H. Kebijakan dalam Perkreditan...................................................................................108
I. Asas Penetapan Kebijaksanaan Perkreditan....................................................110
J. Hukum Proses Perkreditan.........................................................................................110
K. Pengawasan Kredit.......................................................................................................... 113
L. Penanganan Kredit Bermasalah.............................................................................. 115
BAB 12 HUKUM JAMINAN 119
A. Pendahuluan...................................................................................................................... 119
B. Jenis Jaminan...................................................................................................................... 119
C. Hak Tanggungan...............................................................................................................122
D. Hipotek................................................................................................................................. 129
E. Jaminan Fidusia................................................................................................................130
BAB 13 HAK MILIK INTELEKTUAL 135
A. Pengertian...........................................................................................................................135
B. Hak Cipta..............................................................................................................................135
C. Merek..................................................................................................................................... 140
D. Paten.......................................................................................................................................145
E. Desain Industri.................................................................................................................. 156
F. Rahasia Dagang.................................................................................................................157
BAB 14 LISENSI 159
A. Pendahuluan..................................................................................................................... 159
B. Pemberlakuan Lisensi................................................................................................... 159
C. Proses Permohonan Pencatatan Perjanjian Lisensi....................................160
D. Lisensi Hak Cipta...............................................................................................................161
E. Lisensi Merek..................................................................................................................... 163
F. Lisensi Paten...................................................................................................................... 164
BAB 15 HUKUM KETENAGAKERJAAN 167
A. Pengertian...........................................................................................................................167
B. Hubungan Kerja.................................................................................................................167
C. Hubungan Industrial.....................................................................................................169
D. Perlindungan Tenaga Kerja..........................................................................................171
E. Keselamatan dan Kesehatan Kerja.........................................................................173
F. Pengupahan Pekerja.......................................................................................................173
G. Kesejahteraan Pekerja................................................................................................... 174
H. Mogok Kerja.........................................................................................................................175
I. Penutupan Perusahaan (Lock Out).......................................................................175
J. Pemutusan Hubungan Kerja......................................................................................175
K. Para Pihak Dalam Hukum Ketenagakerjaan.....................................................177
L. Aspek-Aspek Hukum Ketenagakerjaan di Indonesia................................... 181
BAB 16 HUKUM KEPAILITAN 195
A. Pengertian.......................................................................................................................... 195
B. Asas-asas Kepailitan...................................................................................................... 195
C. Syarat Putusan Pailit.....................................................................................................196
D. Pihak yang Dapat Dinyatakan Pailit.......................................................................197
E. Pihak yang Dapat Mengajukan Permohonan Pailit.....................................198
F. Pihak yang Terlibat dalam Pengurusan Harta Pailit....................................198
G. Dampak Kepailitan........................................................................................................200
H. Tahapan Permohonan Kepailitan...........................................................................202
I. Upaya Hukum Terhadap Putusan Pailit............................................................. 205
BAB 17 HUKUM INVESTASI DAN PENANAMAN MODAL 207
A. Pengertian..........................................................................................................................207
B. Asas Penanaman Modal...............................................................................................207
C. Tujuan Penanaman Modal.........................................................................................208
D. Hak, Kewajiban, dan Tanggung Jawab Penanam Modal...........................209
E. Penanaman Modal Dalam Negeri.........................................................................209
F. Penanaman Modal Asing.............................................................................................210
BAB 18 PERIZINAN DALAM BISNIS 213
A. Pengantar.............................................................................................................................213
B. Landasan Hukum..............................................................................................................214
C. Kebijakan Pengelolaan Perizinan............................................................................215
D. Surat Izin Usaha Perdagangan (SIUP)...................................................................215
E. Izin Usaha Industri..........................................................................................................220
F. Perizinan Bidang Pertambangan Mineral dan Batubara...........................224
G. Izin Prinsip Penanaman Modal................................................................................225
H. Perizinan Rumah Sakit................................................................................................. 227
BAB 19 PERUSAHAAN GO PUBLIC DAN PASAR MODAL 231
A. Landasan Hukum..............................................................................................................231
B. Pelaku dalam Pasar Modal..........................................................................................231
C. Manfaat Go Public bagi Suatu Perusahaan.......................................................235
D. Persyaratan Go Public bagi Suatu Perusahaan............................................... 237
E. Persiapan Awal Go Public bagi Suatu Perusahaan........................................238
F. Proses Go Public bagi Suatu Perusahaan.......................................................... 240
G. Pemeriksaan di Bidang Pasar Modal....................................................................242
H. Perusahaan Tertutup dan Perusahaan Terbuka.............................................244
BAB 20 PERLINDUNGAN KONSUMEN 247
A. Pengertian.......................................................................................................................... 247
B. Azas Perlindungan Konsumen................................................................................. 247
C. Tujuan Perlindungan Konsumen............................................................................248
D. Hak dan Kewajiban Konsumen................................................................................248
E. Hak dan Kewajiban Pelaku Usaha..........................................................................249
F. Perbuatan yang Dilarang bagi Pelaku Usaha.................................................. 250
G. Tanggung Jawab Pelaku Usaha................................................................................253
H. Badan Penyelesaian Sengketa Konsumen........................................................255
BAB 21 ANTI MONOPOLI 257
A. Pengertian..........................................................................................................................257
B. Perjanjian yang Dilarang bagi Pelaku Usaha....................................................257
C. Kegiatan yang Dilarang bagi Pelaku Usaha.....................................................260
D. Posisi Dominan oleh Pelaku Usaha.......................................................................262
E. Komisi Pengawas Persaingan Usaha....................................................................262
BAB 22 MERGER, AKUISISI, KONSOLIDASI 265
A. Landasan Hukum.............................................................................................................265
B. Merger...................................................................................................................................265
C. Akuisisi................................................................................................................................. 266
D. Konsolidasi.........................................................................................................................267
E. Divestitur dan Spin-Off............................................................................................... 268
F. Syarat Penggabungan, Peleburan, dan Pengambilalihan........................ 268
G. Tata Cara Penggabungan.............................................................................................270
H. Tata Cara Peleburan....................................................................................................... 273
I. Tata Cara Pengambilalihan........................................................................................ 274
BAB 23 HUKUM PENGANGKUTAN 277
A. Landasan Hukum............................................................................................................. 277
B. Pengangkutan Darat......................................................................................................278
C. Pengangkutan Laut.......................................................................................................280
D. Pengangkutan Udara.....................................................................................................285
E. Prinsip Tanggung Jawab Hukum dalam Pengangkutan........................... 288
F. Asas-asas Hukum Pengangkutan.......................................................................... 289
BAB 24 HUKUM ASURANSI 293
A. Landasan Hukum.............................................................................................................293
B. Pengertian Asuransi.......................................................................................................293
C. Unsur-unsur Asuransi...................................................................................................294
D. Isi Polis..................................................................................................................................294
E. Jenis Usaha Perasuransian.........................................................................................295
F. Objek Asuransi................................................................................................................. 296
G. Jenis Asuransi....................................................................................................................297
H. Risiko dalam Asuransi...................................................................................................297
I. Prinsip-prinsip Asuransi............................................................................................. 298
BAB 25 ASPEK PAJAK DALAM BISNIS 299
A. Landasan Hukum............................................................................................................ 299
B. Definisi Pajak.....................................................................................................................300
C. Fungsi Pajak.......................................................................................................................300
D. Pengelompokan Pajak.................................................................................................300
E. Syarat Pemungutan Pajak..........................................................................................301
F. Pajak Penghasilan.......................................................................................................... 302
G. Pajak Pertambahan Nilai Barang dan Jasa dan Pajak
Penjualan Atas Barang Mewah................................................................................307
H. Pajak Bumi dan Bangunan........................................................................................309
I. Pajak Daerah dan Retribusi Daerah....................................................................... 311
J. Pajak atas Bea Meterai................................................................................................. 319
K. Kedudukan Hukum Pajak............................................................................................321
BAB 26 HUKUM PERBANKAN 323
A. Landasan Hukum.............................................................................................................323
B. Landasan Pengaturan Perbankan..........................................................................323
C. Pengertian Perbankan..................................................................................................324
D. Asas, Fungsi, dan Tujuan Perbankan.....................................................................324
E. Jenis Bank...........................................................................................................................324
F. Bentuk Hukum Suatu Bank.......................................................................................328
G. Pengertian Hukum Perbankan................................................................................328
H. Prinsip-prinsip Hukum Perbankan........................................................................329
BAB 27 HUKUM TINDAK PIDANA PENCUCIAN UANG 331
A. Pendahuluan......................................................................................................................331
B. Ruang Lingkup Tindak Pidana Pencucian Uang..............................................331
C. Bentuk Tindak Pidana Pencucian Uang..............................................................332
D. Sanksi Tindak Pidana Pencucian Uang................................................................333
E. Pusat Pelaporan dan Analisis Transaksi Keuangan......................................334
BAB 28 HUKUM PERDAGANGAN INTERNASIONAL 337
A. Pengertian Hukum Bisnis Internasional............................................................ 337
B. Jenis-jenis Perdagangan Internasional.............................................................. 337
C. Metode Menjalankan Bisnis Internasional.......................................................339
D. Kebijakan Perdagangan Luar Negeri................................................................... 340
E. Penentuan Tarif.................................................................................................................341
F. Dumping dan Anti-Dumping....................................................................................346
G. Larangan Pemberian Susbsidi................................................................................. 350
BAB 29 PENYELESAIAN SENGKETA 355
A. Pengertian..........................................................................................................................355
B. Alternatif Penyelesaian Sengketa..........................................................................355
C. Lembaga Penyelesaian Sengketa di Indonesia...............................................358
BAB 30 PENYELESAIAN SENGKETA BISNIS MELALUI ARBITRASE 361
A. Pendahuluan..................................................................................................................... 361
B. Pihak yang Terlibat dalam Arbitrase..................................................................... 361
C. Sengketa yang Dapat Diselesaikan Melalui Arbitrase................................362
D. Syarat Penyelesaian Sengketa Melalui Arbitrase..........................................363
E. Acara Penyelesaian Sengketa Melalui Arbitrase............................................365
F. Putusan Arbitrase........................................................................................................... 368
BAB 31 PERDAGANGAN SECARA ELEKTRONIK (E-COMMERCE) 371
A. Pendahuluan......................................................................................................................371
B. Pengertian...........................................................................................................................371
C. Manfaat E-Commerce....................................................................................................371
D. E-Commerce dalam Hubungan dengan Hukum Kontrak......................... 372
DAFTAR PUSTAKA 373
PARA PENULIS 377

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