Perencanaan Pembangunan Transportasi Kereta Api

Perencanaan Pembangunan Transportasi Kereta Api

Rp 230.000,00

VERSI DIGITAL

E-BOOK
SKU: 29999901698 Category:

Deskripsi

buku ini menjelaskan prosedur yang harus dilalui untuk menyusun perencanaan pembangunan prasarana dan sarana perkeretaapian antara lain mencakup studi kelayakan, penyusunan rencana induk, penyususnan desain rinci, AMDAL, pemilihan teknologi prasarana dan sarana perkeretaapian serta perizinan yang diperlukan untuk pembangunan prasarana dan sarana perkeretaapian.

Informasi Tambahan

Weight 354 g
Berat Buku (gram)

354

Cetakan

1

Halaman

xviii, 198

ISBN

978-602-422-044-0

Jenis Cover

Art Carton 260 gr

Jilid

Perfect Bending

Kertas Isi

HVS 60 gr

Pengarang

Hermanto Dwiatmoko

Tahun Terbit

2016

Ukuran

15 x 21

SAmbutan MENTERI PERHUBUNGAN REPUBLIK INDONESIA............................................. v
Kata pengantar.............................................................................................................. vii
Daftar Isi.......................................................................................................................... ix
DAFTAR GAMBAR DAN TABE L........................................................................................... xiii

Bab 1 pendahuluan....................................................................................................... 3

Bab 2 SISTEM PERENCANAN PEMBANGUNAN TRANSPORTASI .................................. 11
A. Umum..............................................................................................................12
B. Sistem Perencanaan Transportasi......................................................................13
C. Pendekatan Perencanaan Transportasi..............................................................17
D. Proses Perencanaan Pembangunan Perhubungan..............................................18
E. Dokumen Perencanaan Pembangunan Transportasi...........................................20
1. Tatanan Makro Strategis Perhubungan (TMSP)...................................................20
2. Rencana Umum Pengembangan Perhubungan (RUPP)........................................21
3. Rencana Teknis Pengembangan Perhubungan (RTPP)........................................23
a. Tahap Pra Desain..............................................................................................23
b. Tahap Desain....................................................................................................25
F. Studi Kelayakan Pembangunan Transportasi Perkeretaapian..............................27
1. Pengertian Studi Kelayakan...............................................................................27
2. Maksud dan Tujuan Studi Kelayakan..................................................................27
3. Biaya Proyek.....................................................................................................27
4. Pendekatan Kelayakan Investasi........................................................................28
a. Net Present Value (NPV)....................................................................................28
b. Benefit Cost Ratio (BCR)....................................................................................29
c. Internal Rate of Return (IRR)..............................................................................30
H. Analisis Mengenai Dampak Lingkungan............................................................31
1. Pengertian Izin Lingkungan...............................................................................31
2. Pengertian AMDAL............................................................................................31
a. Dokumen Kerangka Acuan Analisis Dampak Lingkungan Hidup (KA-ANDAL).......32
b. Dokumen Analisis Dampak Lingkungan Hidup (ANDAL)......................................33
c. Dokumen Rencana Pengelolaan Lingkungan Hidup (RKL)...................................33
d. Dokumen Rencana Pemantauan Lingkungan Hidup (RPL)..................................33
e. Dokumen Ringkasan Eksekutif..........................................................................33
3. Manfaat AMDAL................................................................................................34
4. Pihak yang Terlibat pada AMDAL.......................................................................34
a. Pemerintah.......................................................................................................34
b. Pemrakarsa......................................................................................................34
c. Masyarakat......................................................................................................35
5. Manfaat AMDAL bagi Masing-masing Pemangku Kepentingan...........................35
6. Kelembagaan AMDAL........................................................................................36
a. Komisi Penilai AMDAL.......................................................................................36
b. Tim Teknis Komisi Penilai AMDAL......................................................................37
c. Kedudukan Komisi Penilai AMDAL.....................................................................38
7. Pembagian Kewenangan Penilaian AMDAL di Pusat, Provinsi dan Kabupaten/Kota..........................................................................................38
8. Prosedur AMDAL...............................................................................................38
a. Proses Penapisan (Screening) Wajib AMDAL......................................................38
b. Proses Pengumuman........................................................................................39
c. Proses Pelingkupan (Scoping)...........................................................................40
d. Penyusunan dan Penilaian KA-ANDAL................................................................40
e. Penyusunan dan Penilaian Andal, RKL, RPL......................................................40
f. Persetujuan Kelayakan Lingkungan...................................................................40
9. Pendekatan Studi AMDAL..................................................................................41
a. Pendekatan Studi Tunggal.................................................................................41
b. Pendekatan Studi Terpadu.................................................................................41
c. Pendekatan Kawasan........................................................................................41
10. Tindak Lanjut Pasca-AMDAL.............................................................................41
a. Penyampaian RKL-RPL.....................................................................................41
b. Pembinaan AMDAL yang Sudah Berjalan...........................................................42
11. Kasus AMDAL: Penanganan Tindakan bagi Perusahaan yang Belum Memiliki AMDAL.............................................................................42
12. Ketentuan Pidana..............................................................................................42
a. Sanksi Terhadap Kegiatan yang Tidak Memiliki Izin Lingkungan.........................42
b. Sanksi bagi Pejabat yang Menerbitkan Izin Lingkungan Tanpa Dilengkapi Dokumen AMDAL dan UKL-UPL.........................................................................43

bab 3 PERKEMBANGAN TRANSPORTASI PERKERETAA PIAN......................................... 45
A. Umum..............................................................................................................46
B. Sejarah Perkeretaapian di Indonesia.................................................................48
1. Era Kolonial Belanda.........................................................................................48
2. Era Pendudukan Jepang....................................................................................51
3. Perkembangan Perkeretaapian di Sumatera......................................................52
4 Pasca-Proklamasi Kemerdekaan.......................................................................52
C. Perkembangan Teknologi Perkeretaapian..........................................................53

bab 4 TE KNOLOGI PRASARANA PERKERETAA PAN........................................................ 59
A. Umum..............................................................................................................60
B. Jalur Kereta Api................................................................................................60
C. Fasilitas Operasi Kereta Api...............................................................................96
1. Sistem Persinyalan di Indonesia........................................................................96
a. Sistem Persinyalan dengan Perkakas Hendel Kayu/Tinggi..................................96
b. Sistem Persinyalan dengan Perkakas Hendel Krian............................................96
c. Sistem Persinyalan dengan Perkakas Hendel Alkmaar.......................................97
d. Sistem Persinyalan dengan Perkakas Hendel Siemens & Haskle
(S & H) Tanpa Blok............................................................................................98
e. Sistem Persinyalan dengan Perkakas Hendel Siemens & Haskle
(S & H) dengan Blok..........................................................................................98
f. Sistem Persinyalan dengan Interlocking Relay.................................................100
g. Sistem Persinyalan Elektronik.........................................................................104
2. Sistem Telekomunikasi di Indonesia................................................................111
a. Jaringan Radio...............................................................................................113
b. Traindispatching (Komunikasi Operasi Kereta Api)............................................114
c. Peralatan Telekomunikasi di Stasiun dan JPL..................................................116
3. Sistem Pelistrikan Kereta Api...........................................................................119
a. Peralatan Transmisi Tenaga Listrik..................................................................119
b. Catu Daya (Gardu Listrik Aliran Atas dan Signal Cabin).....................................121
c. Sistem Pelindung Petir (Proteksi).....................................................................123
d. Sistem Kontrol Pengendali..............................................................................124
Perencanaan Pembangunan Transportasi xii ansportasi Kereta Api

bab 5 TE KNOLOGI SARANA PERKERETAA PIAN........................................................... 127
A. Umum ...........................................................................................................128
B. Lokomotif.......................................................................................................129
1. Lokomotif Uap................................................................................................129
2. Lokomotif Diesel.............................................................................................131
a. Lokomotif Diesel Hidrolik................................................................................131
b. Lokomotif Diesel Elektrik................................................................................133
C. Kereta............................................................................................................137
1. Kereta yang Ditarik Lokomotif.........................................................................137
2. Kereta Berpenggerak Sendiri...........................................................................141
D. Gerbong.........................................................................................................143
1. Gerbong Terbuka.............................................................................................143
2. Gerbong Tertutup............................................................................................144
3. Gerbong Datar................................................................................................144
E. Peralatan Khusus............................................................................................145
1. Kereta Inspeksi...............................................................................................145
2. Kereta Penolong..............................................................................................145
3. Kereta Ukur....................................................................................................146
4. Kereta Derek...................................................................................................147
5. Peralatan Perawatan Jalan Rel........................................................................147
F. Perkembangan Teknologi Sarana Perkeretaapian di Dunia...............................148
1. Kereta Api Ringan (Light Rail Transit)...............................................................148
a. Trem Listrik....................................................................................................148
b. Kereta Api Ringan Lintasan Khusus.................................................................149
2. Monorel..........................................................................................................150
3. Automatic Guided Transit (AGT).......................................................................152
4. Kereta Api Cepat (High Speed Rail)..................................................................153
5. Kereta Api Maglev (Magnetic Levitation)..........................................................154

bab 6 PERIZINAN PENYELENGARAN PERKERETAA PIAN......................................... 157
A. Perizinan Penyelenggaraan Perkeretaapian Umum..........................................158
1. Izin Usaha Penyelenggaraan Prasarana Perkeretaapian Umum.........................164
2. Izin Pembangunan Prasarana Perkeretaapian Umum........................................166
3. Izin Operasi Prasarana Perkeretaapian Umum..................................................170
4. Izin Usaha Penyelenggaraan Sarana Perkeretaapian Umum.............................173
5. Izin Operasi Sarana Perkeretaapian.................................................................175
B. Perizinan Penyelenggaraan Perkeretaapian Khusus.........................................179
1. Persetujuan Prinsip Pembangunan..................................................................180
2. Izin Pembangunan Perkeretaapian Khusus.......................................................182
a. Alur Perizinan Pembangunan Perkeretaapian Khusus.......................................182
b. Materi Izin Pembangunan Perkeretaapian Khusus............................................184
c. Masa Berlaku Izin Pembangunan.....................................................................184
3. Izin Operasi Perkeretaapian Khusus.................................................................184

bab 7 Penutup............................................................................................................ 191
DAFTAR PUSTA KA............................................................................................................ 195
TENTANG PENULIS........................................................................................................... 197

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