PANDUAN PRAKTIS MENULIS ARTIKEL

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PANDUAN PRAKTIS MENULIS ARTIKEL

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Deskripsi

PANDUAN PRAKTIS MENULIS ARTIKEL

Artikel (opini dan kolom) merupakan tulisan pendek nonfiksi, 300-1.000 kata, yang membahas topik tertentu, yang sedang hangat. Tulisan dengan bahasa yang singkat, jelas, dan sederhana ini mengandung pendapat atau pandangan penulis, yang didukung data dan fakta.

Buku PANDUAN MENULIS ARTIKEL bermanfaat bagi Anda untuk memengaruhi sikap atau pendapat orang lain atau pembaca agar percaya dan akhirnya bertindak sesuai dengan yang Anda harapkan. Dengan menggunakan prinsip-prinsip penalaran (induksi, deduksi, atau penolakan) dan teknik-teknik penyajian argumen, Anda dapat menyajikan artikel yang segar, absah, benar, dan bermanfaat.

Buku PANDUAN MENULIS ARTIKEL ditulis oleh Syatrya Utama dan Windi Listianingsih. Syatrya berpengalaman bekerja di Majalah Mingguan Berita Tempo, Majalah Berita Mingguan Editor, Majalah Berita Mingguan Tiras, Majalah Forum Keadilan, Majalah Human Health, dan sekarang di Majalah Agribisnis AGRINA (sebelumnya berformat tabloid). Windi juga bekerja di Majalah Agribisnis AGRINA

Informasi Tambahan

Weight 250 g
Berat Buku (gram)

250

Cetakan

1

Halaman

212

ISBN

978-602-383-031-2

Jenis Cover

Full Color

Jilid

Perfect Bending

Kertas Isi

Book Paper

Pengarang

Ir. Syatrya Utama, M.M. dan Windi Listianingsih, S.Pi.

Tahun Terbit

Maret 2019

Ukuran

14 x 21

KUTIPAN MOTIVASI ............................................................ v
UCAPAN TERIMA KASIH............................................................ vii
KATA PENGANTAR ............................................................ ix
DAFTAR ISI ............................................................ xi

Bab 1 PROLOG ............................................................ 1
A. BATASAN ARTIKEL...................................................... 2
B. KELENGKAPAN INFORMASI....................................... 3
C. CORAK PENULISAN.................................................... 4
1. Deskripsi ............................................................ 4
2. Eksposisi ............................................................ 5
3. Argumentasi....................................................... 5
4. Narasi ............................................................ 7
5. Persuasi ............................................................ 7

Bab 2 MEMAHAMI SELERA PEMBACA..................................... 9
A. MANFAAT ARTIKEL BAGI PEMBACA........................... 10
B. FAKTOR PENARIK MINAT PEMBACA.......................... 11
Bab 3 KEPADUAN BERPIKIR DAN BERBAHASA......................... 15
Bab 4 MEMILIH DAN MENGEMBANGKAN GAGASAN.............. 23
A. NIAT ............................................................ 24
B. GAGASAN ............................................................ 25
C. MIND MAP ............................................................ 25
D. TOPIK ............................................................ 27
E. TEMA ............................................................ 28
F. ANGLE ............................................................ 29

Bab 5 MEMBUAT KERANGKA ARTIKEL..................................... 31
A. MANFAAT KERANGKA................................................ 32
B. POLA ALAMIAH.......................................................... 32
1. Urutan Waktu.................................................... 32
2. Urutan Ruang..................................................... 33
3. Topik yang Ada................................................... 33
C. POLA LOGIS ............................................................ 33
1. Klimaks dan Antiklimaks.................................... 34
2. Sebab - Akibat.................................................... 34
3. Umum - Khusus.................................................. 34
4. Pemecahan Masalah.......................................... 35
5. Familiaritas......................................................... 35
6. Akseptabilitas ............................................................ 35
D. CONTOH KERANGKA TULISAN................................... 35

Bab 6 BAHAN ARTIKEL ............................................................ 37
A. BENTUK BAHAN......................................................... 38
1. Teks ............................................................ 38
2. Statistik ............................................................ 39
3. Visual ............................................................ 39
4. Audio ............................................................ 39
B. PENGUMPULAN........................................................ 39
1. Wawancara........................................................ 39
2. Angket ............................................................ 40
3. Observasi........................................................... 40
4. Penelitian Lapangan........................................... 40
5. Bahan Kepustakaan............................................ 40
C. PENGOLAHAN............................................................ 40
1. Relevansi............................................................ 40
2. Analisis ............................................................ 41
3. Sintesis ............................................................ 41
4. Statistik ............................................................ 41
5. Materi Visual...................................................... 41
D. PENGUJIAN FAKTA..................................................... 42
1. Observasi........................................................... 42
2. Kesaksian........................................................... 42
3. Otoritas ............................................................ 42
E. FAKTA RELEVAN......................................................... 43
1. Konsistensi......................................................... 43
2. Koherensi........................................................... 43
F. MENILAI OTORITAS.................................................... 43
1. Tidak Berprasangka............................................ 43
2. Pendidikan......................................................... 44
3. Pengalaman....................................................... 44
4. Prestise Pribadi.................................................. 44
5. Pendapat Terbaru............................................... 45
G. PEMBUATAN LAPORAN.............................................. 45

Bab 7 MENDAYAGUNAKAN KATA............................................. 47
A. KETEPATAN ............................................................ 48
B. KESESUAIAN ............................................................ 48
C. BENTUK KATA ............................................................ 49
1. Kata Dasar.......................................................... 49
2. Kata Turunan...................................................... 49
3. Kata Ulang.......................................................... 50
4. Kata Majemuk.................................................... 51
D. JENIS KATA ............................................................ 51
1. Kata Benda......................................................... 51
2. Kata Kerja........................................................... 52
3. Kata Sifat............................................................ 53
4. Kata Ganti.......................................................... 55
5. Kata Keterangan................................................. 57
6. Kata Bilangan..................................................... 58
7. Kata Sambung.................................................... 59
8. Kata Depan......................................................... 59
9. Kata Sandang..................................................... 63
10. Kata Seru............................................................ 63
E. PEMILIHAN KATA....................................................... 64

Bab 8 MENYUSUN KALIMAT EFEKTIF....................................... 65
A. UNSUR-UNSUR KALIMAT........................................... 67
1. Subjek (S)........................................................... 67
2. Predikat (P)........................................................ 67
3. Objek (O)............................................................ 67
4. Pelengkap (Pel).................................................. 67
5. Keterangan (K)................................................... 68
6. Kata Perangkai................................................... 69
7. Kata Penghubung............................................... 69
8. Kata Modalitas................................................... 69
9. Frasa ............................................................ 69
10. Klausa ............................................................ 70
11. Bentuk Absolut.................................................. 72
B. STRUKTUR KALIMAT.................................................. 72
1. Kalimat Tunggal.................................................. 72
2. Kalimat Majemuk............................................... 73
C. KESATUAN DAN KEKOMPAKAN.................................. 76
1. Kesatuan ............................................................ 76
2. Kekompakan...................................................... 76
D. KALIMAT BERGAYA..................................................... 76
1. Corak Berbicara.................................................. 77
2. Pilihan Kata........................................................ 77
3. Penyingkatan...................................................... 79
4. Pola yang Efektif................................................. 80

Bab 9 MEMBENTUK PARAGRAF............................................... 83
A. KESATUAN ............................................................ 84
1. Awal Paragraf..................................................... 84
2. Akhir Paragraf.................................................... 85
3. Awal dan Akhir Paragraf..................................... 85
4. Seluruh Paragraf................................................. 85
B. KEKOMPAKAN............................................................ 86
1. Kebahasaan........................................................ 86
2. Perincian dan Pengurutan Gagasan................... 88
C. VARIASI KALIMAT DALAM PARAGRAF........................ 93
1. Memulai Kalimat................................................ 93
2. Panjang Pendek Kalimat..................................... 94
3. Struktur Kalimat................................................. 94
4. Jenis Kalimat...................................................... 95
D. PANJANG PARAGRAF................................................. 96

Bab 10 POLA PERTALIAN ANTARPARAGRAF............................. 97
A. TEMATIK ............................................................ 98
B. SPIRAL ............................................................ 99
C. UNITAS ............................................................ 100
D. BLOK ............................................................ 101
E. KRONOLOGI ............................................................ 103

Bab 11 GAYA BAHASA ............................................................ 105
A. MAJAS PERBANDINGAN............................................ 106
1. Alusi ............................................................ 107
2. Smile (Persamaan)............................................. 107
3. Metafora............................................................. 107
4. Alegori ............................................................ 107
5. Parabel ............................................................ 108
6. Fabel ............................................................ 108
7. Antropomorfisme.............................................. 108
8. Sinestesia........................................................... 109
9. Sinekdoke........................................................... 109
10. Antonomasia...................................................... 109
11. Aptronim............................................................ 110
12. Epitet ............................................................ 110
13. Metonimia......................................................... 110
14. Hipokorisma....................................................... 110
15. Litotes ............................................................ 111
16. Hiperbola........................................................... 111
17. Personifikasi (Prosopopoeia)............................. 111
18. Eufemisme......................................................... 111
19. Disfemisme........................................................ 112
20. Eponim ............................................................ 112
21. Simbolik ............................................................ 112
22. Asosiasi ............................................................ 113
B. MAJAS PENEGASAN................................................... 113
1. Apofasis ............................................................ 113
2. Apostrof ............................................................ 113
3. Prolepsis (Antisipasi).......................................... 113
4. Pleonasme......................................................... 114
5. Tautologi ............................................................ 114
6. Perifrasis ............................................................ 114
7. Repetisi ............................................................ 115
8. Pararima ............................................................ 115
9. Aliterasi ............................................................ 115
10. Paralelisme......................................................... 115
11. Antanaklis (Pun atau Paronomasia)................... 116
12. Klimaks ............................................................ 116
13. Antiklimaks........................................................ 116
14. Anastrof (Inversi)................................................ 116
15. Erotesis (Pertanyaan Retoris)............................. 117
16. Elipsis ............................................................ 117
17. Koreksio (Epanortosis)....................................... 117
18. Asindeton........................................................... 117
19. Polisindeton....................................................... 118
20. Interupsi ............................................................ 118
21. Enskalamasio..................................................... 118
22. Enumerasio........................................................ 118
23. Preterio ............................................................ 118
24. Alonin ............................................................ 119
25. Silepsis ............................................................ 119
C. MAJAS SINDIRAN....................................................... 119
1. Ironi (Sindiran)................................................... 119
2. Sinisme ............................................................ 120
3. Sarkasme............................................................ 120
4. Satire ............................................................ 120
5. Inuendo ............................................................ 120
6. Antifrasis............................................................ 121
D. MAJAS PERTENTANGAN............................................ 121
1. Paradoks ............................................................ 121
2. Oksimoron......................................................... 121
3. Anakronisme...................................................... 122
4. Kontradiksi Interminus....................................... 122
5. Antithesis........................................................... 122

Bab 12 CORAK PENALARAN..................................................... 123
A. INDUKSI ............................................................ 124
1. Generalisasi........................................................ 124
2. Hipotesis ............................................................ 125
3. Teori ............................................................ 125
4. Analogi Induktif.................................................. 125
5. Hubungan Kausal............................................... 125
B. DEDUKSI ............................................................ 126
1. Silogisme Kategorial........................................... 126
2. Silogisme Hipotetis............................................ 127
3. Silogisme Alternatif............................................ 127
4. Entimem ............................................................ 127
5. Rantai Induksi-Deduksi...................................... 128
C. PENOLAKAN ............................................................ 128
1. Menilai Otoritas................................................. 128
2. Bukti Tambahan................................................. 129
3. Kesalahan Penalaran.......................................... 129
4. Kesalahan karena Emosi.................................... 131
5. Dilema ............................................................ 132
6. Metode Eleminasi.............................................. 132

Bab 13 CARA MENYAJIKAN ARGUMEN.................................... 135
A. GENUS ............................................................ 136
B. DEFINISI ............................................................ 137
C. CONTOH ............................................................ 137
D. SEBAB-AKIBAT............................................................ 138
E. SIRKUMSTANSI........................................................... 138
F. PERSAMAAN ............................................................ 139
G. PERBANDINGAN........................................................ 140
H. PERTENTANGAN........................................................ 140
I. KESAKSIAN ............................................................ 141
J. OTORITAS ............................................................ 141

Bab 14 KOMPOSISI ARTIKEL..................................................... 143
A. KOMPONEN ARTIKEL................................................. 144
B. JUDUL ............................................................ 145
C. TAICING ............................................................ 146
D. PARAGRAF PEMBUKA ............................................... 147
1. Ringkasan........................................................... 148
2. Bercerita ............................................................ 148
3. Deskripsi ............................................................ 148
4. Kutipan ............................................................ 149
5. Pertanyaan......................................................... 149
6. Menuding Langsung........................................... 150
7. Penggoda........................................................... 150
8. Nyentrik ............................................................ 151
9. Gabungan........................................................... 151
E. PERANGKAI ............................................................ 151
F. TUBUH ............................................................ 152
G. SUBJUDUL ............................................................ 153
H. VISUAL ............................................................ 154
I. PARAGRAF PENUTUP................................................. 154
1. Ringkasan................................................... 155
2. Penyengat................................................... 155
3. Klimaks ............................................................ 155
4. Tidak ada Penyelesaian...................................... 156
J. CONTOH ARTIKEL...................................................... 156
1. Opini ............................................................ 156
2. Kolom ............................................................ 156

Bab 15 PENYUNTINGAN.......................................................... 159
A. PENYUNTINGAN KONTEN.......................................... 160
1. Mengecek Pesan Pokok..................................... 161
2. Mengecek Alur Cerita........................................ 161
3. Mengecek Penalaran......................................... 162
4. Mengecek Fakta................................................. 162
5. Makna Ambiguitas............................................. 163
6. Saran ke Penulis................................................. 163
B. PENYUNTINGAN BAHASA.......................................... 163
1. Memeriksa Paragraf Pembuka........................... 163
2. Memeriksa Paragraf Penutup............................ 164
3. Memeriksa Panjang Paragraf............................. 164
4. Memeriksa Struktur Kalimat.............................. 164
5. Memeriksa Posisi Unsur-unsur Kalimat............. 165
6. Memeriksa Variasi Kalimat dalam Paragraf........ 165
7. Memeriksa Pertalian Antarparagraf................... 165
8. Memeriksa Tanda Baca...................................... 165
9. Memeriksa Ejaan............................................... 166
10. Memeriksa Pilihan Kata..................................... 166
11. Memeriksa Gaya Bahasa.................................... 167
12. Kekhasan Penulis............................................... 167
13. Nada Penulisan.................................................. 167
14. Memeriksa Judul................................................ 168
15. Memeriksa Taicing............................................. 168
16. Memeriksa Subjudul.......................................... 168
17. Konsisten, Kohesi, Koherensi, dan Kelengkapan. 168
C. PENYUNTINGAN VERIFIKASI...................................... 168
1. Periksa Judul...................................................... 169
2. Periksa Subjudul................................................. 169
3. Periksa Taicing.................................................... 169
4. Periksa Tabel...................................................... 169
5. Periksa Denah atau Grafik.................................. 170
6. Periksa Keterangan Foto (Caption)..................... 170
7. Periksa Akreditasi Foto....................................... 170
8. Periksa Penggalan Kata...................................... 170
9. Periksa Ejaan pada Setiap Paragraf.................... 170
10. Periksa Tipografi................................................. 170
11. Periksa Pengetikan............................................. 171
12. Periksa Nomor Halaman.................................... 171
13. Periksa Nama Penulis......................................... 171
14. Mengecek Tata Letak Keseluruhan.................... 171

Bab 16 EPILOG ............................................................ 173
A. KEKHASAN MEDIA..................................................... 174
B. NAMA PENULIS.......................................................... 174
C. OTORITAS ............................................................ 174
D. GAYA PENULISAN....................................................... 175
E. POPULER ............................................................ 175
F. AKTUAL ............................................................ 175
G. SOLUTIF ............................................................ 176
H. REDAKTUR OPINI....................................................... 176
I. PANTANGAN ............................................................ 176
J. NASKAH ............................................................ 176
DAFTAR BACAAN ............................................................ 179
TENTANG PENULIS ............................................................ 189

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